Eczema is a skin disease that makes skin patches inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. It can be of various types and can also have different stages too. Eczema can be very painful too if not treated well. Some foods like nuts
and dairy can trigger symptoms. Its symptoms vary in different age groups, but they often include itchy patches of skin. Eczema do not spread from one person to another. It can also be triggered by various factors smoke and pollen. Its treatment focuses on the healing of damaged skin. However, there is no full cure for eczema discovered yet.
The symptoms of Eczema can vary according to a person’s age. But basically, its symptoms can be divided into certain age groups like below two years old, from two years old to puberty and in adults. Commonly, Eczema gets developed in infants and half of these cases have this in adulthood too. Eczema can be severe as well as light depending upon time to time. Its symptom gets severe is some time period and after some time it gets clean up. But as mentioned earlier there is no full cure to it. Below is the details about its symptoms.
Symptoms In Below 2 years Old:
- Rashes start to appear on the scalp and cheeks.
- These rashes usually bubble up before they start leaking fluid.
- These can cause extreme itchiness that may disturb the sleeping of the infant. Furthermore, rubbing and scratching of these rashes can lead to skin infections.
Symptoms In Above 2 years Old till Puberty:
- Rashes start to appear behind the creases of elbows or knees.
- These rashes can also occur on the neck, wrists, ankles, and the crease between buttock and legs.
With time, these symptoms can get even worse:
- These rashes start to become bumpy.
- The color of these rashes can be light or dark with time.
- These rashes can also become thick with time. Furthermore, they can develop knots and a permanent itch.
Symptoms In Adults:
- Rashes still appear in the creases of the elbows or knees and also on the neck.
- Rashes start to cover a large portion of the body.
- Rashes can also be present on the neck, face, and around the eyes.
- These rashes can also lead to dryness of the skin.
- These rashes lead to permanent itchiness.
- Rashes can be a lot scaly as compared to childhood.
- Rashes can further lead to some severe skin infection.
The main cause of Eczema is not very clear but according to some beliefs, it happens due to some genetic and environmental reasons. If one of the parents have this skin disease then the child is likely to get affected too. Alongside, these factors Eczema is also caused by some environmental variables too.
- Irritants: Irritants include various things like soaps, detergents, shampoos, and disinfectants, that affects the skin
- Allergens: Allergens include Dust mites, pets, pollens, mold, and dandruff. All of them can be harmful to your skin
- Microbes: Various bacteria, viruses, and fungi can attack the skin.
- Hot and cold temperatures: Drastic variation in temperature i.e very hot to very cold or vice versa can cause Eczema.
- Foods: As mentioned earlier various foods like milk and nuts can also initiate Eczema.
- Stress: Stress doesn’t cause Eczema but it makes it worse.
- Hormones: Hormonal change in women during pregnancy or menstrual cycle can trigger Eczema.
Eczema: Home Remedies
Although there is no cure of Eczema but there are various home remedies you can follow to minimize it.
Aloe Vera Gel is a very effective home remedy for Eczema. It heals the wound and smoothens the Eczema. Aloe Vera acts as a moisturizer and heals the dry and cracked skin. You can get Aloe Vera Gel from the plant itself and also from a medical store in extracted form. It should be applied to the affected area in a small amount because sometimes it can cause irritation too. Although it is completely safe.
You can also apply Apple Cider Vinegar on Eczema affected area. However, it doesn’t cure its symptoms but it can help in many ways too like fighting bacteria and maintaining skin acidity levels.
To use apple cider vinegar in a wet wrap:
- Mix 1 tablespoon vinegar in 1 cup of warm water
- Apply this mixture to cotton.
- Cover the affected area with this cotton.
- Leave it be for 3 more hours.
Furthermore, you can also use it with bath water.
You can also take a bleach bath to avoid symptoms of Eczema. It might sound dangerous but if you use
1 teaspoon of bleach per gallon of water then it is perfectly safe. All you need to do is add some bleach in bath water.
Colloidal Oatmeal can also heal Eczema to some extent. It acts as a skin moisturizer and heals the dry skin. To use it you need to make a powder of Oatmeal and boil it. Add some to your bath water it will help.
Coconut Oil is also an effective home remedy for Eczema. It is a fatty acid that moisturizes the skin. Apply Coconut Oil on the affected area before bath and during bedtime.
Honey is an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent that avoids the symptoms of Eczema. Just apply it to the affected area it will help.
Tea tree oil also helps to cure Eczema. It is an oil that is extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia tree. Remember it must be applied in diluted form i.e mixed with water or with some other oil.
Eczema is a non-contagious skin disease that can’t be fully cured. Although it affects mainly infants they still continue to have this till adulthood. It can’t be fully cured but we are sure that these home remedies will give you some relief from it. all of these remedies are easy to apply and all the ingredients are easily available at home. We hope all these remedies will prove to be helpful to you and if you keep a good hygiene then this disease might never affect you.